The owner is responsible for the compliance and safety of the building. In blocks of flats, the property is divided into ownership and co-ownership.
Co-ownership includes all common structures and technical installations and parts thereof, e.g. load-bearing walls, heating systems with radiators, openings in load-bearing walls, gas appliances, installations and electrical installations in common stairwells, cellars, etc. Co-ownership is decided jointly by the owners and unauthorized alterations / replacements are prohibited.
The owner of the apartment is responsible for the electrical and gas installations in the apartment.
Damage to the insulation of electrical lines, an outdated electrical system or incorrectly / poorly made connections can in the worst case lead to electric shocks or fires. Similar consequences can occur when plugs are broken and sockets and switches are loose or broken. All faults and defects must be remedied immediately.
To ensure safety:
- Have the condition of the building's electrical systems regularly checked by a competent professional;
- order a regular inspection of the electrical system or the condition of the system to determine whether it is in good condition or whether defects need to be remedied; the frequency of the inspection depends on the age and type of the building;
- Do not carry out electrical work yourself, but hire a specialist. It is fine to carry out simple work yourself if you have the necessary knowledge, such as replacing switches, sockets, light bulbs, fuses;
- If the number of electrical appliances and the consumption of electricity have increased significantly, you should upgrade the electrical system of your home;
- A functioning protective device must protect the electrical system. To provide additional protection against electrical and fire hazards, a circuit breaker should be installed.
- Do not overload electrical appliances and wiring; overload is a dangerous source of fire;
- Use equipment only under certain conditions. You must not use electrical equipment intended for indoor use outdoors or in damp rooms such as bathrooms.
- do not use electrical equipment that is damaged, e.g. the insulation of the cable is visibly defective;
- in the event of an electrical accident, switch off the power and dial 112;
- If you notice a downed overhead line or an open substation, inform the grid operator immediately. If you need to work in the protected zone of an overhead line, inform the grid operator.
Incorrectly installed gas installations such as water heaters, boilers, incorrect materials, equipment wear, faulty pipe connections, etc. can cause a gas leak leading to an explosion.
Insufficient air exchange interferes with the combustion of combustion gases in the gas appliance, resulting in toxic carbon monoxide CO, which can enter the room through unlocked smoke vents.
To ensure safety:
- It is forbidden to design, construct, assemble, disassemble, repair, etc. Gas works may only be performed by a person with a special qualification, which you can find in the Register of Economic Activities;
- the person authorized to carry out such work must be qualified by the competent authority;
- before the gas plant is put into operation, a technical inspection must be ordered to ensure that it is safe and complies with the requirements.
- have the gas boiler and the gas installations with the various pipe connections serviced and inspected at least once a year by a competent gas contractor;
- have the chimney and ventilation ducts cleaned at least once a year by a chimney sweep;
- do not lock bicycles or strollers to gas lines in stairwells;
- ensure that gas appliances always have enough air for gas combustion to prevent the formation of odorless gases and that gas appliances and forced ventilation appliances, such as kitchen hoods, are not operated simultaneously to ensure the necessary air supply for combustion;
- if the gas appliance is in a bathroom, do not close the bathroom door to ensure the supply of combustion air;
- replace the gas appliance without safety automation and have the safety automation checked by a specialist;
- installation of a functioning gas detector;
- if you smell gas, open the windows and do not use an open flame or electricity, i.e. do not touch any switches – do not light a light bulb on a switch and do not extinguish it when it is lit, turn off the gas supply, leave the danger zone and call 112.
Carbon monoxide is colorless, odorless, can't be smelled or seen, and is life-threatening. If the gas detector sounds an alarm and you get dizzy, open the windows, leave the gas appliance standing, get fresh air, call 112.
Once you have eliminated the initial danger, order gas work immediately to repair leaks and other faults.
A building must be safe throughout its entire life, meet the requirements for use and be visually maintained throughout its entire service life.
To ensure safety:
- order regular maintenance of technical systems and structures, i.e. visual inspections and, if necessary, audits and repairs;
- apply for a building permit for repairs and renovations of the supporting structures of the building, i.e. also commission a construction project;
- for the reconstruction of technical systems heating, ventilation / cooling, water and wastewater also apply for a building permit and commission a project. If you wish to replace it with an equivalent one, it is sufficient to inform the local authority;
- Supervision of construction works is the responsibility of the competent persons and the person performing the work must be entered in the Register of Economic Activities.
- inform local authorities of illegal renovations and the Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority of dangerous buildings in use.
Garage doors that open and close automatically make our lives more comfortable, but can be very dangerous in an emergency. Falls of a garage door can cause property damage, but can also cause life-threatening injuries to people.
To ensure safety:
- buy a garage door with safety devices to prevent accidents emergency brakes, and if necessary, seek professional help;
- Have the door installed by a specialist and make sure that you as the owner receive the documentation, manuals, maintenance booklets after installation;
- The door has warning signs in a visible place and intelligible language;
- Check the condition of the garage door every six months or more in case of heavy use to ensure that the door lifting mechanisms and emergency stops are replaced in time;
- In the event of a door malfunction, it is forbidden to move the door or pass under it. The use of a defective door must be stopped immediately and all users must be informed about warning signs, adhesive tapes;
- Immediate notification of the maintenance company of the emergency and ordering repairs;
- Never place yourself under an open garage door, even if the door is in perfect condition! Mark the danger zone under the door so that it is clear to all users.
The owner of the playground is responsible for the maintenance and safety of the playground in public use.
According to the construction law, the playground must be reliable at all times. In particular, this is ensured by the purchase and installation of appropriate equipment as well as regular and professional maintenance.
Last updated: 10.04.2021