Radio equipment

The Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (RED) entered into force in the European Union on 13 June 2017. The RED gave manufacturers one year to transition from the previous Directive to the new Directive requirements. From 13 June 2017, all radio equipment placed on the market must comply with the RED.

On 9 August 2017, Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1354 entered into force in the European Union, regulating the information to be provided on the packaging of equipment regarding the restrictions on the use of radio equipment and the obligation to hold a frequency license. The provision of the information in the form set out in the Regulation will be mandatory from 9 August 2018, but the Regulation will apply from 9 August 2017.

The European Commission's RED website Radio Equipment Directive provides up-to-date information on implementing the new directive, including the RED guide, harmonized standards, and the list of notified bodies.

The requirements for radio equipment subject to a frequency license are laid down in the Regulation Technical requirements for radio equipment subject to a frequency license.

The requirements and conditions of use for radio equipment not subject to a frequency authorization are laid down in the Regulation Conditions to use radio frequencies and technical requirements for radio equipment exempted from a frequency authorization.

Radio microphones may be used in Estonia in the following frequency bands and under the following conditions:

 

Radio frequency band

Transmission power/power density

Channel

37,6-38,6 MHz

Maximum e.r.p 10 mW

Maximum 50kHz

174-216 MHz

Maximum e.r.p 50 mW

-

470-694 MHz*

Maximum e.r.p 50 mW

-

823-826 MHz

Maximum e.i.r.p 20 mW;
Maximum e.i.r.p 100 mW (body-worn radio microphone - body warn microphone)

200 kHz

826-832 MHz

Maximum e.i.r.p 100 mW

200 kHz

863-865 MHz

Maximum e.r.p 10 mW

-

1785-1804,8 MHz

Maximum e.i.r.p 20 mW;
50 mW (body-worn radio microphone)

-

When using radio microphones in the 470-694 MHz band, potential interference from TV broadcast transmitters to radio microphones must be considered. We recommend using radio microphones on frequencies that are not used for TV broadcasting in a particular area of Estonia. The frequencies and locations of the current broadcasting transmitters can be found here.

Besides, in the country's border areas, possible interference from TV broadcasters in neighboring countries must be considered.

The conditions for the use of radio microphones are laid down in the Regulation of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications of 7 October 2011 No 96 "Conditions for the use of radio frequencies and technical requirements for radio equipment exempted from a frequency license" (Annex 13 "Radio microphones").

5 GHz broadband data systems (5GHz WiFi) operate in the 5150-5350 MHz and 5470-5725 MHz frequency bands. The maximum average radiated power (e.i.r.p.) shall not exceed 200 mW (23 dBm) in the 5150-5350 MHz frequency band and 1 W (30 dBm) in the 5470-5725 MHz frequency band. The equipment used shall comply with the requirements of ETSI Standard EN 301 893.

The 5150-5350 MHz band is for indoor use only, the 5470-5725 MHz band for indoor and outdoor use. In the bands 5250-5350 MHz and 5470-5725 MHz, equipment shall implement interference mitigation techniques such as dynamic frequency selection (DFS) and transmitter power control (TPC).

The following channel center frequencies are allowed for 5 GHz broadband systems:

Channel

Center frequency (MHz)

Type of usage

Capacity

Disturbance reduction method

36

5180

Indoor only

200 mW

-

40

5200

Indoor only

200 mW

-

44

5220

Indoor only

200 mW

-

48

5240

Indoor only​​​​​​​

200 mW

-

52

5260

Indoor only​​​​​​​

200 mW

DFS/TPC

56

5280

Indoor only​​​​​​​

200 mW

DFS/TPC

60

5300

Indoor only​​​​​​​

200 mW

DFS/TPC

64

5320

Indoor only​​​​​​​

200 mW

DFS/TPC

100

5500

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

104

5520

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

108

5540

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

112

5560

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

116

5580

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

120

5600

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

124

5620*

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

128

5640*

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

132

5660

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

136

5680

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

140

5700

Indoor/Outdoor

1 W

DFS/TPC

*Do not cause harmful interference to meteorological radars in the 5600-5650 MHz band (Harku radar operates on 5640 MHz, Sürgavere radar on 5620 MHz).

The requirements are laid down in Annex 6 of the Regulation of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications of 7 October 2011 No 96 "Conditions for the use of radio frequencies and technical requirements for radio equipment exempted from frequency authorization".

Operators who manufacture, import, or sell radio equipment must ensure that only compliant radio equipment is sold on the market.

Obligations are laid down in the Product Conformity Act.

The requirements for radio equipment are set out in the Regulation of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure Requirements for radio equipment and the procedure for demonstrating conformity, which also contains information on the different conformity assessment modules, a model declaration of conformity, and much more.

On request, the economic operator must provide the Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority with all the documentation and information requested to demonstrate the radio equipment's conformity. Undertakings must keep information enabling them to identify the undertakings that have supplied them with radio equipment or to whom they have resold radio equipment for at least ten years after delivering the radio equipment.

Where a business becomes aware that radio equipment which it has placed on the market is dangerous, it shall immediately take measures to bring the equipment into conformity or withdraw it from the market.

The radio equipment manufacturer must ensure that the radio equipment complies with the requirements, that it is labeled, and that all the necessary documentation and information on the equipment's use is supplied with the radio equipment.

Before placing radio equipment on the market, the manufacturer must ensure that the equipment complies with the essential requirements. Conformity assessment must be carried out under the conformity assessment procedures set out in the Regulation of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure on Requirements for Radio Equipment and the Procedure for Demonstrating Conformity. Where different versions or configurations of the radio equipment are manufactured, the equipment's conformity must be assessed separately.

The compliance of radio equipment shall be ensured for series production, taking into account changes in equipment design and harmonized standards.

The manufacturer must be aware of the radio frequency use requirements and ensure that the equipment can be used in at least one Member State of the European Union.

Before placing the radio equipment on the market:

  • The technical documentation shall be drawn up under Annex 4 of the Regulation. The technical documentation must be kept for ten years after the radio equipment has been placed on the market.
  • When the manufacturer is satisfied with the conformity of the radio equipment, he shall draw up a declaration of conformity according to Annex 5 to the Regulation. Each radio equipment shall be accompanied by a complete or simplified declaration of conformity following the model for the simplified EC declaration of conformity set out in Annex 6 to the Regulation. The EC declaration of conformity shall be kept for ten years after the radio equipment has been placed on the market.
  • The manufacturer shall affix the CE marking to the compliant radio equipment. If a notified body has been involved in the conformity assessment, the CE marking shall be accompanied by the notified body's identification number. The marking shall be affixed visibly, legibly, and indelibly to the apparatus and its packaging.

  • The manufacturer shall indicate his name or trademark and the address at which he can be contacted either on the product or, where this is not possible, on its packaging or a document accompanying the product.
  • Information on radio frequencies and maximum power shall be provided in the instructions for use or on the product packaging.
  • The radio equipment shall be accompanied by the safety information and a manual containing information on the intended use of the radio equipment and, where appropriate, information on accessories and a description of the software.
  • If there are any restrictions on the use of the radio equipment, the packaging and the instructions must include information on the countries in which these restrictions apply and the nature of these restrictions. Restrictions include, for example, the requirement for a frequency license to use the radio equipment.

A distributor of radio equipment is any natural or legal person in the supply chain, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who makes radio equipment available on the market.

The radio equipment distributor shall ensure that the equipment complies with the requirements, is correctly marked and accompanied by the required documentation.

A distributor of radio equipment is considered to be the same as the manufacturer of the radio equipment if he places the radio equipment on the market under his own name or trademark or modifies the radio equipment in such a way as to alter its essential requirements. In such a case, the obligations of the manufacturer apply.

Before including radio equipment in its product range, the distributor must ensure that:

  • the radio equipment bears the CE marking;
  • The radio equipment bears an identification marking (type or serial number);
  • the equipment bears information on the manufacturer and the importer;
  • the product is accompanied by instructions in a language understandable to the user;
  • the product is accompanied by a label indicating the information restrictions on use (e.g., the requirement for a frequency license) and the EU countries in which these restrictions apply;
  • the radio transmitter is accompanied by information on the radio frequencies on which it operates and the maximum permitted power.

The distributor shall ensure that, while the product is under his responsibility, storage or transport conditions do not jeopardize its compliance.

An importer is an individual or a business established in the European Union who places radio equipment from a third country on the Union market.

The radio equipment importer must ensure that the equipment complies with the requirements, is correctly marked, accompanied by a declaration of conformity and the required documents.

An importer of radio equipment is considered to be the manufacturer of the radio equipment if he places the radio equipment on the market under his name or trademark or if he modifies the radio equipment in such a way as to alter its essential requirements. In such a case, the obligations of the manufacturer apply.

The importer shall indicate his name or trademark and the address at which he can be contacted on the product or, where that is not possible, on its packaging or in a document accompanying the product.

Last updated: 07.04.2021