Explosives and pyrotechnics

The Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority carries out national supervision of compliance with handling explosives and pyrotechnic articles.

In addition to the Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority, the field is supervised by:

  • the Police and Border Guard Board – on the transport of explosives and pyrotechnic articles on public roads, on the control of the guarding of explosives handling sites, and the requirements for the use, transfer, and point of sale of pyrotechnic articles.
  • The Rescue Board – compliance with the fire safety requirements and handling of explosives and pyrotechnic articles.
  • Tax and Customs Board – supervision of compliance with the import and export of explosives and pyrotechnic articles from and to third countries and importing from another Contracting Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

Handling explosives is the manufacture, transfer, acquisition, possession, storage, transport, use, destruction, and manufacture of pyrotechnic articles of explosives.

The manufacture of explosives is the activity that results in the production of explosives. The explosive molding, the mixing of its components, the packaging of the explosive, and the placing of the explosive in a detonating device are also considered to be the manufacture of explosives.

The manufacture of a pyrotechnic article is an activity that results in the production of a pyrotechnic article or which modifies the characteristics of a pyrotechnic article before its use. A pyrotechnic article's preparation immediately before its use in a fireworks display is not considered the manufacture.

Handling a pyrotechnic article means the transfer, acquisition, possession, storage, transport, use, and destruction of a pyrotechnic article.

The operator of the explosives, the pyrotechnic article manufacturer, and the importer shall ensure the traceability of the explosives and pyrotechnic articles they handle. Traceability shall be secured by the identification of the products and the keeping of records.

According to § 22(2) of the Explosives Act, in the absence of a body issuing the invitation, the assessment and verification of persons are performed by the Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority. These persons are the operator of explosives management and the operator of pyrotechnic article management.

A pyrotechnic article may only be used under its intended purpose, in compliance with the safety requirements, and considering the age limit for its use.

  • The use of a pyrotechnic article must comply with the requirements of conduct in public places and public order.
  • Pyrotechnic articles of categories F4 and T2 may only be used by a pyrotechnic article handler.
  • The use of a percussion device is prohibited, except by a pyrotechnician using it in his trade, business, or profession.
  • The use of red flares and other flares of similar color used as part of a ship's safety equipment is prohibited at sea and onshore without an emergency. Signal flares may not be used for fireworks.

A fireworks permit must be held to organize fireworks:

  • at a public event with a pyrotechnic article of categories F3 and F4.
  • in a built-up area with pyrotechnic articles of category F4.

An application for the organization of fireworks shall be submitted to the municipality or city government.

For the organization of fireworks, a description of the proposed fireworks display must be drawn up.

The organizer of the fireworks shall notify the following authorities at least three days in advance:

  • the Police and Border Guard Board and the Rescue Board, in the case of fireworks with pyrotechnic articles of category F4 at a public event or in a built-up area.
  • for the organization of fireworks with pyrotechnic articles of category T2 - the Rescue Services Authority.
  • for the organization of fireworks in the vicinity of an aerodrome using a pyrotechnic article with a height of flight of more than 45 meters - the Civil Aviation Authority.

A handling site is a place where an explosive or pyrotechnic article is manufactured or stored. Explosives and pyrotechnic articles shall be handled in a suitable place for the use for which they are intended, in conformity with the requirements and at a safe distance from any object that could be damaged by accident involving the handling of the explosives or pyrotechnic articles. In the event of a potential accident, the safety of persons, property, and the environment outside the danger zone must be ensured. The site must be covered by an operating license.

You do not need to have a permit:

  • for the transport of explosives and pyrotechnic articles at the place of transshipment.
  • at the site of detonation for the manufacture of pumpable emulsion explosives and simple explosives.
  • at the point of disposal or use of the explosive or pyrotechnic article
  • at the point of sale, for the storage of a pyrotechnic article in quantities not exceeding 100 kilograms
  • in the case of a self-contained supply of a pyrotechnic article in an amount not exceeding 20 kilograms
  • at a place of handling which is licensed under the Weapons Act and which handles articles of Class 1.3C or Class 1.4S of the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road in quantity not exceeding 50 kilograms;
  • at a facility holding a hazardous establishment or major-accident establishment permit under the Chemicals Act covering the handling of explosives or pyrotechnic articles.

Applying for an operating license

  • the address of the facility and a plan of the surrounding area showing the risk area of the facility and the buildings within the risk area and their purpose;
  • the number of explosives and pyrotechnic articles held on the site, by subcategory and suitability group;
  • the name of the explosive or pyrotechnic article to be manufactured, the names of the substances used in its manufacture and their characteristics, the manufacturing technology, and the maximum annual production volume;
  • the precautions to be taken to ensure that no unauthorized person has access to the explosives and pyrotechnic articles being stored;
  • a description and specifications of the container storage, if the explosive or pyrotechnic article is stored in container storage;
  • the written consent of the owner of the building to the use of the building as a place for the disposal of explosives or pyrotechnic articles, if the application is not made by the owner of the building;
  • where the explosive or pyrotechnic article is being handled temporarily, details of the period of storage;
  • if the quantities of dangerous substances held on the site exceed the lower limit of the danger of the chemical within the Chemicals Act's meaning and if the site is not authorized under the Chemicals Act, the documentation required under the Chemicals Act.
  • A state fee is payable when applying for a permit.

At the explosives facility, the facility must be guarded. The guarding regime shall be determined by the facility owner in agreement with the Police and Border Guard Board.

Explosive ordnance disposal is the controlled and controlled breaking and moving of material, alteration of structure or form, generation of a seismic wave, or destruction of explosive material by explosive force.

Blasting must be carried out following the blasting design and safety requirements.

Without a design, blasting may be carried out to provide the necessary gauge to the excavation cavity, remove a fissure, deepen the excavation cavity, clear a fault charge, and break up a surplus piece of a fissure and deal with a rescue incident.

The most dangerous explosive work is:

  • in a densely populated settlement where a building owned by another person is within the danger zone.
  • to demolish a building
  • to demolish or join metal
  • The more dangerous explosive work may be carried out under a permit.

Blasting deeper than 25 meters above the surface is not considered to be more dangerous.

Last updated: 07.04.2021